Title: Physics Chapter 2: Units & Measurements | Download Free PDF and MCQs


Units and measurements form the foundation of physics, enabling us to quantify and describe physical phenomena accurately. Understanding this chapter is crucial for solving problems and performing experiments in physics. In this blog, we will explore the second chapter of physics, “Units & Measurements,” and provide you with free PDFs and MCQs for download.

What are Units and Measurements?

Units are standard quantities used to specify measurements. Measurement is the process of comparing an unknown quantity with a known standard quantity (unit). For example, meters for length, kilograms for mass, and seconds for time are standard units of measurement.

Fundamental and Derived Units

  1. Fundamental Units: These are basic units defined for fundamental quantities. For example, the SI (International System of Units) fundamental units include the meter (m) for length, kilogram (kg) for mass, and second (s) for time.
  2. Derived Units: These are units derived from fundamental units. For example, the unit of speed is meters per second (m/s), and the unit of force is Newton (N), which is kg·m/s².

Measurement of Physical Quantities

  1. Length: Measured in meters (m).
  2. Mass: Measured in kilograms (kg).
  3. Time: Measured in seconds (s).
  4. Temperature: Measured in Kelvin (K).
  5. Electric Current: Measured in amperes (A).
  6. Luminous Intensity: Measured in candela (cd).
  7. Amount of Substance: Measured in moles (mol).

Accuracy, Precision, and Errors in Measurement

  1. Accuracy: Refers to how close a measured value is to the true value.
  2. Precision: Refers to how close repeated measurements are to each other.
  3. Errors: Deviations from the true value. Types of errors include systematic errors (consistent and repeatable) and random errors (varying and unpredictable).

Significant Figures

Significant figures are the digits in a measurement that are known with certainty plus the first uncertain digit. They indicate the precision of a measurement.

Dimensional Analysis

Dimensional analysis is a method to check the consistency of equations and to convert units from one system to another. It involves analyzing the dimensions (units) of the physical quantities involved.

Download Free PDFs and MCQs

This blog offers free downloadable PDFs and MCQs for the second chapter of physics, “Units & Measurements.” These resources will help you solidify your understanding and prepare effectively for exams.

Download Free PDF
Download MCQs


Units and measurements are fundamental to the study of physics, providing the basis for all physical calculations and experiments. This blog has covered essential concepts, fundamental and derived units, measurement techniques, and methods to ensure accuracy and precision. Download the free PDFs and MCQs to enhance your preparation and understanding of this crucial chapter.

Stay tuned to our blog for more educational content and updates!