JEE Main 2024 Syllabus: Your Comprehensive Guide to Exam Preparation

Aspiring engineers across India gear up each year to tackle the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main, a highly competitive and sought-after entrance exam for admission to various engineering institutes. With the academic year 2024 around the corner, it’s essential for students to acquaint themselves with the JEE Main 2024 syllabus to plan their study strategies effectively. In this blog, we will delve into the details of the JEE Main 2024 syllabus, offering valuable insights and tips to help you ace this crucial exam.

Understanding the JEE Main

The JEE Main is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and serves as the gateway to premier engineering institutes in India, including the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), and other esteemed institutions. The exam is divided into two papers: Paper 1 for B.E./B.Tech aspirants and Paper 2 for B.Arch and B.Planning aspirants.

JEE Main 2024 Syllabus

The syllabus for JEE Main 2024 comprises topics from three main subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Here’s a breakdown of the syllabus for each subject:

1. Physics:

  • Physics and Measurement
  • Kinematics
  • Laws of Motion
  • Work, Energy, and Power
  • Rotational Motion
  • Gravitation
  • Properties of Solids and Liquids
  • Thermodynamics
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Oscillations and Waves
  • Electrostatics
  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Optics
  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Atoms and Nuclei
  • Electronic Devices
  • Communication Systems

2. Chemistry:

  • Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
  • States of Matter
  • Atomic Structure
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Solutions
  • Equilibrium
  • Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals
  • Hydrogen
  • s-Block Elements
  • p-Block Elements
  • d- and f-Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds
  • Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Organic Compounds Containing Halogens, Oxygen, Nitrogen
  • Polymers
  • Biomolecules
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

3. Mathematics:

  • Sets, Relations, and Functions
  • Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Mathematical Induction
  • Binomial Theorem and Its Simple Applications
  • Sequences and Series
  • Limit, Continuity, and Differentiability
  • Integral Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Co-ordinate Geometry
  • Three-Dimensional Geometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Trigonometry
  • Mathematical Reasoning
  • Quadratic Equations


1. Trigonometry: Trigonometry, a branch of mathematics dealing with angles and relationships between the sides and angles of triangles, holds significant importance in JEE Main. Topics like trigonometric functions, identities, equations, and properties of triangles are often tested. Focus on mastering trigonometric ratios, periodicity, and solving trigonometric equations.

2. Probability and Statistics: Probability and Statistics are relatively smaller yet critical components of the JEE Main syllabus. Topics like permutations, combinations, probability distributions, and measures of central tendency could appear in the exam. Pay special attention to solving problems related to probability and analyzing data through statistics.

3. Matrices and Determinants: Matrices and Determinants constitute a major part of linear algebra. Topics like matrix operations, inverse matrices, determinants’ properties, and solving linear equations through matrices can be expected. Understanding matrix transformations and applications of determinants will aid in solving complex problems.

4. Complex Numbers: The realm of complex numbers involves both real and imaginary parts. Understanding topics such as complex algebra, geometric representation, De Moivre’s theorem, and solving equations involving complex numbers is crucial. Proficiency in complex numbers can simplify problem-solving in various branches of mathematics.

5. Binomial Theorem and Mathematical Induction: Binomial Theorem and Mathematical Induction are relatively straightforward topics, but they require a strong foundation. Focus on understanding the binomial coefficients, Pascal’s triangle, and applications of the binomial theorem. Additionally, grasp the concept of mathematical induction to prove statements in mathematics.

6. Quadratic Equations: Although quadratic equations might seem basic, a deep understanding is vital. Topics such as roots of quadratic equations, nature of roots, and solving word problems related to quadratics are commonly covered. Proficiency in quadratic equations will help in solving higher-level mathematical problems.

7. Limits and Continuity: Limits and Continuity are foundational concepts of calculus. Focus on understanding the limit of a function, one-sided limits, continuity conditions, and solving problems involving these concepts. Mastery in limits and continuity will lay a strong foundation for more advanced calculus topics.

8. Permutations and Combinations: Permutations and Combinations involve arranging and selecting objects. Concentrate on solving problems related to permutations with repetition, circular permutations, and combinations with restrictions. A solid grasp of these concepts can simplify combinatorial problem-solving.

9. Differential Equations: Differential Equations deal with functions and their derivatives. Focus on solving first-order and second-order differential equations, understanding concepts like homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations, and solving initial value problems. Proficiency in differential equations is essential for advanced calculus and physics problems.

10. Sequences and Series: Sequences and Series involve the progression of numbers. Master arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic progressions, and focus on series convergence and divergence. Proficiency in these topics aids in solving problems across mathematics and physics.


11th Grade:

  1. Units and Measurements: Focus on units, SI system, and error analysis.
  2. Motion in a Straight Line: Cover concepts of position, velocity, and acceleration.
  3. Laws of Motion: Delve into Newton’s laws, friction, and circular motion.
  4. Work, Energy, and Power: Study different forms of energy, conservation principles, and power.
  5. Rotational Motion: Understand rotational dynamics, moment of inertia, and angular momentum.

12th Grade:

  1. Electrostatics: Focus on Coulomb’s law, electric fields, and Gauss’s law.
  2. Current Electricity: Study Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s laws, and electrical circuits.
  3. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism: Cover concepts of magnetic fields, Ampère’s law, and electromagnetic induction.
  4. Electromagnetic Waves: Understand properties of electromagnetic waves, including light.
  5. Optics: Study wave nature of light, interference, diffraction, and polarization.
  6. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter: Delve into topics like photoelectric effect and matter waves.
  7. Atoms and Nuclei: Cover atomic structure, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions.
  8. Electronic Devices: Understand semiconductor devices like diodes and transistors.


11th Grade:

  1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry: Cover mole concept, empirical and molecular formulae.
  2. Structure of Atom: Study atomic models, quantum numbers, and electronic configurations.
  3. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties: Focus on periodic trends and properties of elements.
  4. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure: Understand different types of bonds and molecular shapes.
  5. States of Matter: Study properties of solids, liquids, and gases.

12th Grade:

  1. Solid State: Delve into crystal structures, imperfections, and semiconductors.
  2. Solutions: Study colligative properties and solutions’ behavior.
  3. Electrochemistry: Understand electrolysis, conductance, and electrochemical cells.
  4. Chemical Kinetics: Study rate equations, factors affecting rate, and order of reactions.
  5. Surface Chemistry: Cover adsorption, catalysis, and colloids.
  6. General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements: Focus on extraction of metals and refining techniques.
  7. p-Block Elements: Study properties and reactions of p-block elements.
  8. d- and f-Block Elements: Understand transition elements and inner transition elements.
  9. Coordination Compounds: Delve into nomenclature, isomerism, and stability of complexes.
  10. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes: Study properties and reactions of these organic compounds.
  11. Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers: Understand properties and reactions of these organic compounds.
  12. Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids: Study the reactions and properties of these organic compounds.
  13. Amines: Focus on properties and reactions of amines.
  14. Biomolecules: Cover carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids.
  15. Polymers: Understand types of polymers and polymerization processes.
  16. Chemistry in Everyday Life: Study medicinal chemistry and chemical aspects of daily life.

Creating in-depth blogs for each of these topics would allow you to provide detailed insights into the syllabus for JEE Main 2024. Remember, the key to success lies in a thorough understanding of the syllabus and consistent practice.

Tips for Effective Preparation

  1. Understand the Syllabus: Go through the syllabus thoroughly to understand what topics are covered and to avoid wasting time on irrelevant subjects.
  2. Create a Study Plan: Design a well-structured study plan that allocates sufficient time to each subject based on your strengths and weaknesses.
  3. Concept Clarity: Focus on building a strong foundation by understanding the fundamental concepts of each topic.
  4. Practice Regularly: Regular practice is crucial. Solve a variety of problems to reinforce your understanding and improve problem-solving skills.
  5. Mock Tests: Take mock tests and previous year’s question papers to simulate the exam environment and assess your preparation level.
  6. Time Management: Develop effective time management skills to ensure you can complete the exam within the given time frame.
  7. Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a balanced lifestyle with adequate sleep, proper nutrition, and exercise to enhance your concentration and overall well-being.


As you embark on your journey to crack JEE Main 2024, a comprehensive understanding of the syllabus is your first step towards success. Devote sufficient time to each subject, practice consistently, and maintain a positive mindset. Remember, with determination and the right study strategy, you can conquer the challenges of JEE Main and secure your place in the top engineering institutes of the country. Good luck!